Developing countries are making strides in network first. They have started building organizations for internet resource administration, and are sharing operational experiences as more transmission facilities are put in place. This is part of a trend called “guanxi” – a strategy of connecting people through networks. In other words, a country is a network first country if it has built a network before its competitors.
Guanxi is a Network First Country
The Chinese use the concept of guanxi to build connections and create opportunities. This concept is important in business and everyday life. While the transactional approach of the west places business before personal relationships, in China, relationships are crucial to success. In addition to helping you make deals, guanxi can help you avoid corruption and other problems that can hinder the flow of business. However, there are many challenges associated with establishing a network of guanxi in China.
A guanxi relationship usually forms when two people have something in common – a shared extended family, the same school, or travel experiences. Mutual sympathy is also a common factor. These relationships have an intrinsic value and are maintained indefinitely. They are also vital for maintaining a solid foothold in the Chinese market. Westerners often have a hard time understanding guanxi relationships.
It’s important for Western businesses to build a guanxi network in China, but it takes time and careful planning. Western businesses think in quarters and months, while Chinese businesses think in years. Therefore, working with a local company that has “boots on the ground” in China can help you get ahead of the competition. Having a team of technical experts on the ground who have extensive guanxi in the area will help you build relationships with the right people. Moreover, they’ll probably have first-hand knowledge of the cultural differences and customs of the people in the area.
The key to establishing a network in China is to be honest and respectful. Beware of aggressive and dishonest practices, as these can jeopardize your reputation and provide opportunities for corruption. As long as you respect the rules of guanxi, you’ll be able to do business in China.
The boundaries between social and business life are blurred in East Asian societies. Because they depend heavily on close friends and relatives, guanxi networks often produce nepotism. Authoritative figures will often draw on family and close ties to fill employment opportunities, which prevents the most qualified person from receiving the job. However, guanxi is not necessarily nepotism; it only becomes that way when individuals value personal relationships above talent and ability.
Denmark has a 5G network
The Nordic countries, which include Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, have agreed to develop 5G networks in the near future. Their 5G Network
Action Plan outlines four strategic pillars: frequency band, network deployment, regulation, and application. In addition, the Danish Ministry of Energy recently announced upcoming assessments of operators’ networks and their 5G plans.
Denmark’s first 5G network will launch in September 2020. It will be available nationwide and will benefit both 4G and 5G users. Initially, the Danish government has decided to launch the 5G network through a public trial, starting in Copenhagen and Aalborg. Then, more test sites will be launched commercially, including in Aarhus and Odense.
The Danish government’s 5G deployment will focus on 3.5GHz spectrum and the largest Danish cities. This rollout will extend to 90% of the population by 2020. As a result, Denmark has become one of the first countries to roll out 5G services. But there is still a long way to go before the network can cover the entire country.
The 5G network will allow for further digitalization of the business and manufacturing sectors in Denmark. It will also help cement Denmark’s position as a digital leader. It will also allow for the development of exciting new applications such as self-driving cars, remote-controlled robots, and drones.
In terms of speed and availability, the Nordic countries stand out on the 5G performance index. Norway and Finland have already allocated mmWave spectrum to mobile operators. Denmark, Norway, and Sweden are also on the path to 5G. The Nordic countries are looking to 5G as a tool for digital transformation.
Denmark is currently working on finalizing its national broadband strategy. Its previous plan was far more ambitious than the European Commission’s Digital Agenda and sought to offer 100Mbps broadband services to every Dane by 2020. The Ministry of Energy, Utilities, and Climate is responsible for regulating radio frequency spectrum activities.
Overall, Denmark’s 3G/4G network has a good quality score. All three operators reached the 90% mark in the Core Consistent Quality metric, which evaluates connectivity quality across use cases. TDC also led the leaderboard for Excellent Consistent Quality, followed by Telenor and Telia.
South Korea is the first country to commercially launch nationwide 5G services
The launch of 5G services in South Korea was met with mixed reactions, with some calling it a PR stunt while others praising it. The South Korean government provided tax incentives to domestic operators to boost capital expenditure (capex) for 5G networks, and has also promised additional support for the technology throughout 2019 and into 2020. It is expected that more than three million people will have switched to 5G by the end of this year.
The country’s 5G network is so fast that a user can download an entire movie in just a few seconds. The launch of 5G services in South Korea came one hour before the US launch of Verizon’s 5G network. This is an indicator that the country’s 5G network is more capable of delivering higher data speeds than its US counterpart.
South Korea has long been known for its technological prowess, and the government is making the rollout of the next-generation wireless network a priority. The new system will provide near-instant connectivity, 20 times faster than the current 4G network. This will allow users to download entire movies in a single second. This level of connectivity and speed is essential for the future development of self-driving cars, robotics, and the Internet of Things.
After being the first country to commercially launch nationwide 5Gigabit networks, South Korea now hopes to expand the technology to other parts of the world. The country already has one of the highest smartphone penetration rates in the world, and SK Telecom plans to expand its 5G network coverage to more than 30 cities by the end of the year.
In order to successfully attract users and keep them on the network, the 5G services and content offerings must be compelling. South Korean carriers have been heavily investing in content development and production since 4G. They expect to reach a total of 40 million 5G subscribers in 2025.
The new technology will have three frequency bands. The 5G service area will be divided into cells. Each cell is connected to a local antenna. As a result, 5G can support more devices and improve the quality of Internet services in crowded areas.
India is one of the first countries to deliver indigenous 5G
India is one of the first countries in the world to launch an indigenous 5G network. Leading telecom operators, such as Bharti Airtel and Reliance Jio, are close to launching the network. The first phase of the network will cover 13 cities in India. The country’s first 5G spectrum auction ended last week, with bids totaling over Rs 1.5 lakh crore. The bidding process was spread over 40 rounds.
The Government of India is committed to delivering 5G in the country. Rajeev Chandrashekhar, the Union Minister of State for Information Technology, recently said that the country would be among the first countries to implement the technology in the world. He also pointed out that while the equipment used for the country’s 2G, 3G, and 4G networks were imported, the 5G equipment used in these networks is indigenous. The government is proud to be among the first countries to deliver a national 5G network.
The benefits of a 5G network include a much higher data speed and low latency. The new technology can support new applications in the IoT, machine-to-machine, and health sectors. In addition, it can handle many more connections than current 4G networks.
The development of an indigenous 5G network will have significant implications for India’s economy, particularly for e-commerce. It will facilitate the digitization of value chains and help merchants and consumers feel more confident in e-commerce. A 5G rollout will also support the growth of India’s startup ecosystem and digital apps that provide consumer solutions. 5G-based payment systems and a sovereign digital rupee could speed up digital adoption across the country’s economy.
Despite its relatively small population, India is one of the first countries to launch a 5G network. However, there is a debate over which country will launch 5G first. South Korea, for example, launched 5G services on their mobile hotspot devices in April, which was ahead of India.